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EU projects to build on

The project does not replicate existing evidence & it builds on knowledge & lessons from other
EU projects that can inform entry points to action:

Addressing the strategic Determinants to Reduce health Inequity Via Early childhood, Realising fair employment, and Social protection




DRIVERS (2012-2014) is a three-year research project funded by the 7th Framework Programme. It aims to promote health equity through policy and practice in early childhood development, employment & working conditions, and income & social protection.

Developing methodologies to reduce inequalities in the determinants of health




The objectives of the project are (i) to develop, evaluate and refine methodologies for assessing the effects of social, economic and health policies on the pattern and magnitude of health inequalities among socioeconomic groups, (ii) to assess the differential health effects by socioeconomic group of ‘natural policy experiments’ in the fields of unemployment and poverty reduction; tobacco and alcohol control; and access to education and preventive health care, and (iii) to synthesise the evidence from the findings of objectives 1-2, and to actively engage users in the research to promote effective exchange of knowledge for policy and practice. The project received funding under the FP7 Health programme.

Evaluating the Impact of Structural Policies on Health Inequalities and their Social Determinants, and Fostering Change




The project aims to generate new evidence on the impact of structural policies on health inequalities, and to develop innovative methodologies for the evaluation of these policies in Europe.
Particular attention will be put in increasing the involvement of affected stakeholders (civil society and deprived population groups) in the identification, design and evaluation of policies to tackle health inequalities.

Tackling socio-economic inequalities in smoking: learning from natural experiments by time trend analyses and cross-national comparisons




The aim of SILNE is to analyse various “natural policy experiments” within Europe with the aim of generating new empirical evidence on the effectiveness of possible strategies to reduce inequalities in smoking. The project has three parts. First, time trends in various European countries will be analysed with the aim of assessing whether changes in national tobacco control policies had influenced inequalities in smoking cessation among adults. Second, comparisons between European countries will be made with the aim of assessing whether cross-national differences in specific tobacco control policies were associated with inequalities in smoking initiation among adolescents. Third, the project will review the published results of controlled intervention studies, and integrate these with our results. The combined evidence base will be disseminated across Europe, especially among those who are involved in the development of tobacco control policies and health-in-all policies. The project is receiving financial support from the European Commission in the frame of Seventh Framework Programme.

The joint action on health inequalities




Equity Action was a Joint Action between the EU and Member States. It aimed to reduce health inequalities by helping to improve policies at national and regional level and harness the contribution of stakeholders. It was jointly funded by the EU Health Programme, 15 EU Member States and Norway, and involved 25 partner organisations, 30 regions and numerous stakeholders.

European Community Health Indicators Monitoring




ECHIM was a three-year project to develop and implement health indicators and health monitoring in the EU and all EU Member States. It continued the work of the previous ECHI and ECHIM projects.

Addressing Health Inequalities Interventions in Regions. Reducing health inequalities in primary care settings in Regions




The main objective is to identify the best practices and policies developed to reduce the inequalities in primary care settings in European regions.The AIR team includes 31 partners and represents 15 European countries working together to investigate health inequalities. The AIR project results will provide examples of interventions aimed to reduce health inequalities in primary care, taking into account their efficiency, cost and target population. Once the best practices have been identified and analyzed, recommendations will be made to decision makers. The results of the project will contribute significantly in the reduction of health inequalities in primary care in the regions of Europe.

The potential for reduction of health inequalities in Europe




The objectives of this research project were (i) to provide updated estimates of the magnitude of socioeconomic inequalities in health in Europe, (ii) to estimate the contribution of risk factors to the explanation of these health inequalities in Europe, and (iii) to estimate the extent to which health inequalities in Europe can realistically be reduced by policies and interventions on socioeconomic determinants as well as on specific risk factors.

Socio-economic inequalities in mortality: evidence and policies in cities of Europe




As the first regional study on health inequality across and within the cities of Europe, INEQ-CITIES advances the understanding of how social inequalities in health exist amidst different social and political contexts.  Moreover, comparative analysis of urban health policies and interventions to tackle inequalities in health will be useful to inform recommendations for the future. As such, INEQ-CITIES has identified and examined the health inequalities in Europe alongside the social and health policies undertaken in each city in order to make recommendations to monitor and to tackle inequalities in mortality in Europe.

Tackling the Gradient: Applying Public Health Policies to Effectively Reduce Health Inequalities among Families and Children




It was a collaborative research project involving 12 institutions (universities, research institutes and public health institutes) funded from the European Community’s 7th Framework Programme. The project had the overall goal of identifying what measures could be taken to level-up the socio-economic gradients in health among children and young people in the EU.

Health inequalities indicators in Europe




The I2SARE project (Health Inequalities Indicators in the Regions of Europe) was established to produce a health profile for each region of the European Union, to create a typology of those regions of Europe and a typology of sub regional territories in a selection of countries and regions. The main objective was to assist European, national, regional and local decision makers in developing their health policies through a better understanding of the health status of the population and of health inequalities at regional and sub regional level. New tools will give European, regional and local decision makers a concise overview of the health situation in each region. I2SARE also aimed to raise the profile of sub national institutions working on Health Information, to encourage exchanges and to develop networking activities between them.

Health investments in Structural Funds 2000-2013: learning lessons to inform regions in the 2014-2020 period





The project was to extend the results of EUREGIO to identify & share best actions for the effective use of structural funds for health & help reduce health inequalities among EU regions. It was a key resource to help Member States, regional & local authorities and actors to develop, apply & implement Structural Funds (SF) projects for health gain. EIII built access to practical know-how knowledge that regions had identified as a priority need for development for the 2007-2013 period. To guarantee the impact of EIII in the longer term, it informed the shaping of a cooperation mechanism to support regions in maximising health gains from mainstream SF programmes.

Action on the Socio-economic Determinants of Health




The project built on and took forward existing work in the area of the social determinants of health and on health inequalities in an EU context. To undertake this work it established a consortium of high-level, multi-stakeholder bodies and took forward the work of the WHO Commission on social determinants of health applying it to the EU context.

‘Fair society, healthy lives’

Marmot Reviews



In November 2008, Professor Sir Michael Marmot was asked by the Secretary of State for Health to chair an independent review to propose the most effective evidence-based strategies for reducing health inequalities in England from 2010.

Generic software to quantify the health impact of policies




The project aimed to contribute to informed policy making, both on the EU-level and the national level, by providing an instrument that enables health experts to predict the magnitude of health consequences that result from changing health determinants, using generally available data. DYNAMO-HIA is a tool to quantify the health impact of policies influencing health determinants. The instrument, a dynamic model called DYNAMO-HIA, is generic (adaptable to the health determinants and outcomes relevant for the policy in question), applicable throughout the European Union, and can be downloaded from its website.

Tackling health inequalities in Europe




The Eurothine project was a collaborative research programme involving leading researchers in the field of health inequalities from 26 European countries.  The projects main aims were: (i) To prepare international overviews that provide bench-marking data on inequalities in mortality, morbidity and health determinants to participating countries. To assess evidence on the effectiveness of policies and interventions to tackle health inequalities, and to make recommendations on strategies for reducing health inequalities in participating countries.

European Policy Health Impact Assessment




The aim of the Project was to (i) synthesise a standard generic methodology for Health Impact Assessment of EU policies and activities; (ii) apply this HIA methodology to selected EU policies, (iii) disseminate the findings and the lessons learned from the Project by means of seminars, publications and high-level briefings.

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